Davis® Solutions to Underlying Reading Challenges:  


Perceptual distortions :  

  • Perceiving information accurately is the essential first step for reading, listening, learning any new concept.  

  • When text or speech is not perceived accurately confusion sets in and mistakes begin.  

  • Davis Orientation Counseling teaches focusing tools that allow the individual to control his perceptual state of mind.  

  • In an oriented state your brain accurately perceives what your senses take in.  

  • In a disoriented state distortions are perceived as reality.


Solutions to slow, labored reading:   

  • Reading in a state of disorientation can slow down the reading process and make reading a tiring experience.

  • Once a learner is oriented and perceiving text correctly, the next step is to minimize the “triggers” that push the reader into disorientation.    


There are 2 main forms of disorientation triggers:



  • During the program week the individual constructs upper and lower case alphabets out of clay. 

  • Through a series of exercises and tests, the client detriggers all 26 letters, upper and lower case.

  • This process, known as Davis Symbol Mastery, can take anywhere from 4 to 14 hours.  


Trigger Words (Sight Words):  

  • Once the letters of the alphabet have been mastered, the client moves on to master the identified trigger words.

  • These are words without mental images attached to them such as:  the, and, if, as.  

  • One by one,  using clay, the client creates a visual definition for each word.  

  • Under each clay model, the word is spelled in clay. 

  • Once created, the client follows a sequence to master that word.

  • Once mastered, the word is no longer a trigger for disorientation.   

  • This process begins during the program week. 

  • Mastering all trigger words takes anywhere from 6 months to 2 years to complete, depending on the client’s rate of progress in the Post-Program phase.

       For picture thinking individuals, once these words have mental images attached, reading and listening become smoother and more meaningful.


Solutions to skipping lines and words:  

  • Many picture thinking individuals skip around when reading text.  This can lead to confusion.

  • Reading exercises are introduced for eye training, training the eyes to look from left to right. (Davis Spell Reading and Sweep-Sweep Spell)


Solutions to comprehension struggles:  

  • Orientation and eliminating triggers combine to improve reading comprehension.

  • The next step to maximize comprehension involves a skill called Picture at Punctuation.

  • The reader is taught to monitor her understanding.  

  • The support person participates in this process of “checking for meaning” as the reader describes the mental pictures she is developing, phrase by phrase.

  • Some text is not readily imagined in pictures. In these cases, the reader tells what emotions are elicited, or gives the meaning in her own words to confirm comprehension.